Demand-side Interventions Against Trafficking in Human Beings: Towards an Integrated Theoretical Approach

Demand-side Interventions Against Trafficking in Human Beings: Towards an Integrated Theoretical Approach

This DemandAT Working Paper No.14 by Dita Vogel (University of Bremen) and Albert Kraler (ICMPD) proposes an integrated theoretical approach to conceptualise human behaviour in the context of trafficking in human beings. The authors argue that the emphasis on agency in current much social science literature stands in stark contrast to political and academic debates about THB, in which victims are imagined without any agency and exploiters as powerful and driven by greed. This paper challenges this view and suggests a model of human behaviour that can be applied to both victims and perpetrators as well as third parties. Drawing on the social psychological concept of “possibility space” the authors argue that individuals’ actions are shaped by what they perceive as possible and desirable actions in particular circumstances. A key aspect of addressing trafficking is therefore to make alternative routes of actions possible.