DemandAT Final Publications
We are delighted to announce the launch of a series of new publications resulting from the EU funded project DemandAT. The launch of this final set of publications in the project's Working Paper and Policy Brief series also marks the conclusion of the project. All publications are accessible via the DemandAT website.
Accompanying the launch of the final publications, we are launching a series of three short videos summarising key results of the research. Part 1 presents overall findings as regards the concept of demand, its potential and limitations. Part 2 presents specific findings on three fields of intervention - domestic work, global supply chain initiatives and prostitution policies, while Part 3 focuses on two forms of intervention - law enforcement on the one hand, and campaigns, on the other.
New working papers and policy briefs
DemandAT Working Paper No. 12 by ICMPD researcher Almut Bachinger and other colleagues in the DemandAT consortium entitled "The Role of Labour Inspection in Addressing Demand in the Context of Trafficking in Human Beings for Labour Exploitation" stresses the principle importance of labour inspections in monitoring and addressing labour exploitation, while highlighting that mandates, institutional fragmentation and lack of resources do not necessarily allow to realize labour inspectorate's potential in addressing exploitation. In addition, the paper stresses the importance of the overall regulatory environment. An associated policy brief available here summarises key findings of the research and its policy recommendations.
DemandAT Working Paper No. 13 entitled "Demand Arguments in Different Fields of Trafficking in Human Beings" written by ICMPD researcher Mădălina Rogoz with contributions from other colleagues from the DemandAT consortium critically examines debates on demand in the context of trafficking. A common denominator of these debates is that there is the assumption that there is "a" demand that fosters exploitation related to trafficking in human beings. The paper aims to retrace the arguments used in debates on demand in different fields of trafficking - for sexual exploitation, for labour exploitation, for the exploitation of begging, for illegal adoption, for forced and servile marriages and trafficking for the removal of organs - in order to better understand the assumptions behind demand-side arguments, the way demand is understood and contextualised and how it is considered relevant in addressing various types of trafficking in human beings.
DemandAT Working Paper No.14 by Dita Vogel (University of Bremen) and Albert Kraler (ICMPD) proposes an "An integrated theoretical approach to conceptualise human behaviour in the context of trafficking in human beings". The authors argue that the emphasis on agency in current much social science literature stands in stark contrast to political and academic debates about THB, in which victims are imagined without any agency and exploiters as powerful and driven by greed. This paper challenges this view and suggests a model of human behaviour that can be applied to both victims and perpetrators as well as third parties. Drawing on the social psychological concept of "possibility space" the authors argue that individuals' actions are shaped by what they perceive as possible and desirable actions in particular circumstances. A key aspect of addressing trafficking is therefore to make alternative routes of actions possible.
DemandAT Working Paper No. 15 by ICMPD researchers Mădălina Rogoz and Albert Kraler entitled "Integrated Findings in Addressing Demand and Policy Recommendations" offers a synthesis of the main results of the conceptual and theoretical work as well as of the in-depth case studies conducted in the framework of the project (prostitution policies, domestic work, supply chain initiatives, law enforcement and information campaigns). The paper argues for a narrow conception of demand and suggests to understand demand-side interventions as interventions aimed at shaping the purchaser side in a specific market exchange. Demand-side interventions are thus specific and don't work in isolation from other measures addressing trafficking. In some contexts, the paper finds, demand is not a useful category altogether. The paper further highlights the need to acknowledge the specificity of particular markets and the related need to specify the expected results of demand-side interventions in any particular market. This requires both context sensitivity as well as evidence based design, implementation and evaluation of interventions. An associated policy brief available here summarises key findings and policy recommendations.